Losing Ground Interview Transcripts

Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Arthur Parkes - Richmond

Arthur Parkes came to Richmond in 1934 and took up dairy farming at Clarendon and later at Cornwallis. He has a great deal of in-depth knowledge of the area and how the Hawkesbury has responded to flooding and changes in the catchment.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Athol Kemp - Ebenezer

Athol Kemp has lived on a farm at Upper Crescent Reach, from birth in 1925. He was a descendant of convict Peter Kemp. Athol who was an orchardist has witnessed a great deal of change in the river and was able to relate stories from his father as well.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Bruce Ferguson - Camden

Bruce Ferguson was 76 years old when interviewed he came from a family that had owned land by the Nepean for generations. His property to the immediate south-west of Camden was the site of Ferguson’s Australia Nursery. Later in life he was Mayor of Camden and was in an official capacity with issues related to the water usage and the health of the river.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Chester Smith - Cambridge Reach

Chester Smith can trace his ancestry to the First Fleet. The family established the Dargle Ski Gardens, but prior to that had farmed grain and were also involved in orcharding on the river. Chester had been on Dargle from the age of 14 in 1925 and had family up and down the river. He is able to talk about both the impacts of farming and tourism on the river.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Chris Niccol - Emu Plains

Chris Niccol had lived at Huntingdon Hall on the western bank of the Nepean since the 1930s. His personal memories date until the 1950s. he also has a particular knowledge of Knapsack Creek, which he remembers as being completely grassed with long grass and the water crystal clear. Chris recalled that about 1960.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Dick Nixon - Camden

Dick Nixon was 73 years old when interviewed and had lived near the Nepean his entire life. He wandered the banks as a school boy and later worked in the] Dairy Farmers Milk Company, who's factory was the first building in the area that floodwaters enter, and the last building that they leave. He has an excellent memory of the river and the riverine environment and the changes he observed over his lifetime.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Frank Laughton - One Tree Reach, Laughtondale

Frank was 77 years old when he was interviewed and had lived on the river at Laughtondale on One Tree Reach all his life. The family was involved in citrus orcharding and he was also a prawn fisherman. He speaks from first hand experience of water quality in changes in the river and changes in type and number water fauna that he observed while out prawning.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Fred Smith - Wilberforce

Fred Smith was born in 1924 at Bushell's Lagoon and lived on the Hawkesbury all his life. He has memories going back at least as far as 1930 and provides a lively account of river life.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - Harold Hall - Ebenezer

Harold Hall was born in 1917 and his family lived in the old church house at Ebenezer. He has witnessed many changes in the river, including changes in the channel s well as in the water flora and fauna.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - John Crace's Family Cobbity

John Crace had lived in the Cobbity area for 43 years when he was interviewed. He purchased land at the junction of Cobbity Creek and the Nepean in 1959. Overlooking the river, he was able to observe changes over 4 decades.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - John Watkins - One Tree Reach, Laughtondale

John had lived on One Tree Reach for his entire 55 years at the time of interview. He was the fifth generation of his family from the area and could draw on multi-generational knowledge. He was had worked as a prawn fisherman for 35 years and new the river from Broken Bay to Lower Portland.

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Hawkesbury-Nepean Enviromental Changes Oral History Transcript - John Downes - Cobbity

John Downes had lived all his life at Brownlow Hill and had knowledge of the Nepean back to the 1920s.

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